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The CIVIC study aims to develop and evaluate a new psychosocial intervention to tackle loneliness in clinical populations. It was funded by NIHR CLAHRC East Midlands from 2016 to 2019.

The study had two stages. Stage 1 involved developing the theory-base for the intervention as well as consulting stakeholders on how the intervention should be designed and delivered. The CIVIC Framework for social connectedness was developed here. Six dimensions emerged, giving the acronym CIVIC:

  • Closeness
  • Identity and common bond
  • Valued relationships
  • Involvement
  • Cared for and accepted

The CIVIC Framework was then validated with mental health service users and staff here.

Stage 2 involved designing and evaluating the ‘Groups4Health’ social connectedness programme. The evaluation focused on adults aged 18-65 with a diagnosis of depression who also reported high levels of loneliness. For further information about the CIVIC Study please contact Laurie Hare-Duke mmsalh15@exmail.nottingham.ac.uk