CAN is distributed using an Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 International Public Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which means that it can be used without permission for clinical, educational or research purposes, providing no change is made to the content and no charge is made. You do not need to contact us for this permission.
If you wish to change the measure then you need to contact us to obtain our permission.
If you wish to charge for its use, either directly on a pay-per-use basis or indirectly by including it within a commercial product such as software or a book, then you will first need to contact us to obtain a commercial use licence granting an Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 International Public Licence (CC BY-ND 4.0).
The content of CAN is copyrighted and cannot be changed. If you need to use CAN with a different population then consider using a CAN variant. You may add further domains to the end of CAN if wanted, providing data from the 22 CAN domains are reported separately from any additional domains.
Please include the relevant reference when reporting CAN data.
CANSAS / CAN-R / CAN-C 1st edition:
Phelan M, Slade M, Thornicroft G, Dunn G, Holloway F, Wykes T, Strathdee G, Loftus L, McCrone P & Hayward P (1995) The Camberwell Assessment of Need: the validity and reliability of an instrument to assess the needs of people with severe mental illness, British Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 589-95.
CANSAS-P 1st edition:
Trauer T, Tobias G, Slade M (2008) Development and evaluation of a patient-rated version of the Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Appraisal Schedule (CANSAS-P), Community Mental Health Journal, 44, 113-124. Available here
CANSAS / CANSAS-P / CAN-R / CAN-C 2nd edition:
Slade M, Thornicroft G (2020) Camberwell Assessment of Need, 2nd edition, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Available here
Download CAN 2nd edition
Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Appraisal Schedule (CANSAS)
Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Appraisal Schedule – Patient (CANSAS-P)
Camberwell Assessment of Need – Research (CAN-R)
CAN-R 2nd edition summary sheets:
Camberwell Assessment of Need – Clinical (CAN-C)
CAN-C 2nd edition summary sheets: